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Cheating in Academics: Topic
Cheating in academics refers to actions on the part of students that violate the explicit rules or commonly accepted norms for examinations or assignments. Cheating occurs at all levels, from the primary grades though testing for licensure or certification in a profession.
Right granted by statute to the author or originator of certain literary, artistic, and musical productions whereby for a limited period of time he or she controls the use of the product. The work may be reproduced by the individual or by another licensed to do so by the individual.
From Palgrave Macmillan Dictionary of Political Thought
Assets of an intangible kind, in the form of inventions, symbols, literary artefacts, in which intellectual effort has been invested, perhaps with a view to exploiting the result for profit. The protection of intellectual property has become an ever more significant feature in modern economies, as corporations retreat from producing things and take to branding them instead.
The listing of books is of ancient origin. Lists of clay tablets have been found at Nineveh and elsewhere; the library at Alexandria had subject lists of its books.
Index / Indices
From Dictionary of Visual Discourse: A Dialectical Lexicon of Terms
From a Latin noun index, indic-, to point out, make known, show. An index was originally the forefinger, the finger that ran along a manuscript to make a place in a text visible to the reader (hence a type of pointer or indicator). From here it involved into a list or table of contents for a book.
From Encyclopedia of Ethics
To represent oneself as the author of some work that is in fact the work of someone else is to plagiarize. Plagiarism may include the “passing off” of the form of the work—for example, the exact words of a piece of writing—or the intellectual content, or both.