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Literary Terms & Concepts
The word book has come to have many meanings, e.g., any collection of sheets of paper, wood, or other material sewn or bound together; a division of a written work (books of the Bible, books of Caesar's Gallic War); and statements of financial accounting (bookkeeping).
Commedia dell Arte: Topic
Popular form of comedy employing improvised dialogue and masked characters that flourished in Italy from the 16th to the 18th century.
Particular kind of work within an art form, differentiated by its structure, content, or style. For instance, the novel is a literary genre and the historical novel is a genre of the novel.
Literary Criticism: Topic
Assessment and interpretation of literary works. The term ‘criticism’ is often taken to mean exclusively adverse comment, but in fact it refers to all literary assessment, whether positive or negative.
Figure of speech using an analogy or close comparison between two things that are not normally treated as if they had anything in common.
Newbery Medal: Topic
The Newbery Medal is awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association, to the author of the most distinguished contribution to US literature for children.
Symbolism (Literary Movement): Topic
A term specifically applied to the work of late-19th-century French writers who reacted against the descriptive precision and objectivity of realism and the scientific determinism of naturalism.
Poetry Terms & Concepts
In speech, emphasis given a particular sound, called prosodic systems.
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
Unit of metrical pattern in poetry. The five most common types of foot in English poetry are iamb (v –), trochee (– v), dactyl (– vv), spondee ( –– ), and anapaest (vv –); the symbol v stands for an unstressed syllable and – for a stressed one.
In prosody, a line to be scanned in five feet (see versification). The third line of Thomas Nashe's "Spring" is in pentameter: "Cold doth / not sting, / the pret / ty birds / do sing."
Or rime, the most prominent of the literary artifices used in versification.
From The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics
The act of discovery or interpretation of the meter of a poem as realized in one of its lines; also the graphic transcription thereof, usually by symbols, numbers, or letters either above the line or alone. S. is a notation system for meter in metrical poetry just as sheet music notates music or writing notates speech.
A Japanese verse form consisting of five lines, the first and third having five syllables, the others seven. [C19: from Japanese, from tan short + ka verse].
Principles of metrical practice in poetry. In different literatures poetic form is achieved in various ways; usually, however, a definite and predictable pattern is evident in the language.