Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Political Theory: Topic
The philosophical questioning of the assumptions underlying political life; for example, the grounds on which an individual is obliged to obey the state. It also attempts to formulate theories of how political institutions can be perfected by the empirical observation of existing institutions.
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527): Topic
1469–1527, Italian author and statesman, one of the outstanding figures of the Renaissance, born in Florence.
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679): Topic
English political philosopher. His greatest work is the Leviathan (1651), which contains his defence of absolute sovereignty.
John Locke (1632-1704): Topic
The English philosopher (1632–1704) who justified the overthrow of royal power in England and the creation of a system based on the power of parliament.
David Hume (1711-1776): Topic
When David Home (as his name was spelled then) entered the University of Edinburgh in 1723-25, his family expected him to pursue a career in the law. Hume, however, soon turned his attention to philosophy.
Edmund Burke (1729-1797): Topic
British political writer and statesman, born in Dublin, Ireland.
Karl Marx (1818-1883): Topic
German founder of modern communism, in England from 1849. With Engels, he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848). He developed his theories of the class struggle and the economics of capitalism in Das Kapital (1867; 1885; 1895).
Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937): Topic
Italian politician and Marxist theorist: founder (1921) of the Italian Communist party. His important works were written during his imprisonment (1926-37) by the Fascists.