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The Beatles: Topic
British pop group, formed in Liverpool, NW England, UK in 1960. ‘Beatlemania’ spread around the world in 1964, buoyed by international hits such as ‘She Loves You’ and ‘I Want to Hold Your Hand’.
David Bowie (1947-2016): Topic
Rock singer, born in Brixton, London, UK. His career blossomed throughout the 1970s as he adopted a range of extreme stage images to suit a variety of musical styles.
Eric Clapton (1945- ): Topic
Rock guitarist and singer, born in Ripley, Surrey, SE England, UK. In the 1960s he was in British rhythm-and-blues bands The Yardbirds and John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, then ‘supergroups’ Cream and Blind Faith.
Bo Diddley (1928-2008): Topic
Musician, born in McComb, Mississippi, USA. He became one of the earliest black stars of rock ’n’ roll, making many television appearances and touring widely through the mid-1960s.
Bob Dylan (1941- ): Topic
Folk and rock songwriter and singer, born in Duluth, Minnesota, USA.
Jerry Garcia (1942-1995): Topic
US guitarist, songwriter, and leader of the group the Grateful Dead. Closely involved with the San Francisco hippie movement and the use of drugs such as LSD, the band first played ‘psychedelic’ rock but moved on to a more diverse repertory of rock styles in the 1970s.
George Harrison (1943-2001): Topic
Singer, musician, and songwriter, born in Liverpool, Merseyside, NW England, UK. He played lead guitar and sang with the Beatles, and developed an interest in Indian music and Eastern religion.
Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970): Topic
Rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter, born in Seattle, Washington, USA. After his 1965 discharge from the army, he explored electronic tricks on his guitar at ear-splitting amplitude, to which he added stage gimmicks, playing behind his back or with his teeth.
Mick Jagger (1943- ): Topic
Singer, born in Dartford, Kent, SE England, UK. He attended the London School of Economics, but left to form his own rock group, The Rolling Stones, together with Keith Richards, Bill Wyman, Charlie Watts, and Brian Jones.
John Lennon (1940-1980): Topic
Pop star, composer, songwriter, and recording artist, born in Liverpool, Merseyside, NW England, UK. He was the Beatles rhythm guitarist, keyboard player, and vocalist, and a partner in the Lennon–McCartney song-writing team.
Paul McCartney (1942- ): Topic
Musician, songwriter, and composer. The Beatles’ bass guitarist, vocalist, and member of the Lennon–McCartney songwriting team.
Elvis Presley (1935-1977): Topic
Popular singer and film actor, born in Tupelo, Mississippi, USA.
The Rolling Stones: Topic
Rock group, members Mick Jagger (1943–) vocals, Keith Richards (1943–) guitar, Bill Wyman (1941–) bass, Charlie Watts (1942–) drums, Ron Wood (1947–) guitar, former member Brian Jones (1944–69) guitar, one of the longest-running and most successful popular music groups to emerge in the 1960s.
Bruce Springsteen (1949- ): Topic
Musician, born in Freehold, New Jersey, USA. Promoted as the new Bob Dylan, his highly-anticipated debut album was released in 1973, but not until his third album, Born to Run (1975), did he enjoy widespread commercial success.
Irish rock group formed in Dublin in 1977. U2 became one of the most popular and successful rock bands of the 1980s and 1990s, managing to sustain their fan base throughout two decades by clever reinvention.
Ringo Starr (1940- ): Topic
From The Faber Companion to 20th Century Popular MusicIn contrast to the more exploratory and innovatory solo careers of his fellow Beatles, Starr successfully sustained his cheerful, easy-going Beatles persona in a series of pop hits throughout the seventies. In the process he became one of the grand old men of rock.
Frank Zappa (1940-1995): Topic
Avant-garde rock musician and composer, born in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. He led the satirical ‘underground’ band The Mothers of Invention.
Rap, R&B, Reggae Artists
Tupac Shakur (1971-1996): Topic
Briefly one of the nineties most popular and controversial rap stars, Tupac (or 2Pac) Shakur mixed successful gangsta rap recordings with film work.
Bob Marley (1945-1981): Topic
Singer, guitarist, and composer of reggae music, born in St Ann’s, near Kingston, Jamaica. He made his first record at the age of 19, and in 1965 formed the vocal trio, The Wailers, with Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingstone.
Johnny Cash (1932-2005): Topic
Musician, born in Kingsland, Arkansas, USA. A singer, guitarist, and songwriter, he was born into a poor cotton-farming family and became one of the greatest stars of country music.
Carter Family: Topic
Perhaps the most influential group in the history of country music, they helped to bring folk and country into America's cultural mainstream.
Willie Nelson (1933- ): Topic
Country music singer and songwriter, born in Fort Worth, Texas, USA.
Hank Williams (1923-1953): Topic
Composer and lyricist, born in Mount Olive West, Alabama, USA. Called the ‘hillbilly Shakespeare’, he wrote simple melodies mixing gospel, blues, and country, and his words and singing evoked a powerful sense of emotion.
James Brown (1928-2006): Topic
Musician, born in Barnwell, South Carolina, USA. One of the most significant figures in black pop music, he began his singing career in Macon, GA with the Gospel Starlighters.
Ray Charles (1930-2004): Topic
Singer, pianist, and composer, born in Albany, Georgia, USA. A major influence on popular black music during his early years, he influenced both white musicians and audiences.
Nat "King" Cole (1919-1965): Topic
Musician, born in Montgomery, Alabama, USA. By 1950 he had become the first black male to attain mainstream acceptance as a popular singer, and he released a continual series of hit records over the remainder of his career.
Bing Crosby (1904-1977): Topic
Popular singer and actor, born in Tacoma, Washington, USA. Became one of the earliest crooners who established a clear split between classical and popular singing.
Aretha Franklin (1942-2018): Topic
Soul singer, born in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Although she began recording at age 18, it was at Atlantic Records (1966) that she worked with experienced rhythm-and-blues musicians and was encouraged to use her gospel roots.
Whitney Houston (1963-2012): Topic
Singer and film actress, born in Newark, New Jersey, USA. In 1988 she broke a US chart record with seven consecutive number 1 hits, overtaking the previous record of six achieved by The Beatles and The Bee Gees.
Michael Jackson (1958-2009): Topic
Popular singer and songwriter. He was a child star with his brothers in a popular Motown soul group, the Jackson Five, and had his first solo hits in the early 1970s. His second solo album, Thriller (1982), sold over 30 million copies and made him a superstar.
Glenn Miller (1904-1944): Topic
Trombonist and bandleader, born in Clarinda, Iowa, USA. He achieved a distinctive sound with a saxophone–clarinet combination, his many successes including ‘Moonlight Serenade’ (his theme song), ‘Little Brown Jug’, and ‘In the Mood’ (1939).
Roy Orbison (1936-1989): Topic
Country-pop singer and songwriter, born in Vernon, Texas, USA. Had a succession of smash hits including ‘Cryin’’ (1961), ‘Blue Bayou’, ‘In Dreams’ (both 1963), and ‘Oh, Pretty Woman’ (1964).
Diana Ross (1944- ): Topic
Popular singer and film actress, born in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Lead singer of the extremely successful trio, the Supremes, she went solo in 1969, recording the hits ‘Reach Out and Touch Somebody’s Hand’ and ‘Ain’t No Mountain High Enough’ in 1970.
Dusty Springfield (1939-1999)
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
English pop singer. Following success as a member of The Springfields, she had a string of solo hits with ‘I Only Want To Be With You’ (1964), ‘You Don't Have To Say You Love Me’ (1966), and ‘Son of a Preacher Man’ (1968).
Computer Music: Topic
Term used to describe music composed or performed with the aid of a computer.
From Encyclopedia of American Studies
Country music has roots in various strains of folk music, including African American blues and a wide range of traditional British music.
Dance Music: Topic
Genre of pop music, the 1980s offspring of soul music, funk, hip hop, and disco music. The term ‘dance’ has come to cover music made by and for disc jockeys (DJs) and played to club audiences on vinyl records as a component of live sets.
Electronic Music: Topic
Music composed completely or partly of electronically generated and/or modified sounds.
Rap (music): Topic
Rap music is a central feature of hip hop culture, comprising just one of hip hop’s four basic elements: graffiti, break dancing, DJing and rapping (or MCing).
Pop Music: Topic
Any contemporary music not categorizable as jazz or classical. Pop music contains strong rhythms of African origin, simple harmonic structures often repeated to strophic melodies, and the use of electrically amplified instruments.
Punk Rock: Topic
Punk rock emerged in the UK and the USA in the 1970s. The music was played mainly on the guitar, to accompany loud, often provocative lyrics dealing with emotive and political issues. Punk rock was seen as both shocking and inspiring, influencing much subsequent pop music.
Essentially hybrid in origin, rock music includes elements of several black and white American music styles: black guitar-accompanied blues; black rhythm and blues, noted for saxophone solos; black and white gospel music; white country and western music; and the songs of white popular crooners and harmony groups.
The transmission of sound and vision programmes by radio and television.
Compact Disc: Topic
(CD), a small plastic disc used for the storage of digital data.
Eurovision Song Contest: Topic
First staged in Switzerland in 1956, the event is now transmitted in over 40 countries. Eurovision is actually the name given to the Europe-wide TV distribution network run by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).
Grand Ole Opry: Topic
Weekly American radio program featuring live country and western music. The nation's oldest continuous radio show, it was first broadcast in 1925 on Nashville's WSM as an amateur showcase.
Transmission or reception of electromagnetic radiation in the radio frequency range. The term is commonly applied also to the equipment used, especially to the radio receiver.