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Isaac Albéniz (1860-1909): Topic
Composer and pianist, born in Camprodón, NE Spain.
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750): Topic
German composer and organist; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical form known in his period.
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827): Topic
German composer. He is universally recognized as one of the greatest composers of the Western European music tradition. Beethoven's work crowned the classical period and also effectively initiated the romantic era in music.
Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990): Topic
Conductor and composer, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA. He played piano from childhood, and studied at Harvard and the Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia.
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897): Topic
German composer, pianist, and conductor. He is considered one of the greatest composers of symphonic music and songs.
Ferruccio Busoni (1866-1924): Topic
Italian pianist, composer, and music critic.
Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849): Topic
Polish composer and pianist. As a performer, Chopin revolutionized the technique of pianoforte-playing, turning the hands outward and favoring a light, responsive touch.
Claude Debussy (1862-1918): Topic
French composer, exponent of musical impressionism.
Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904): Topic
Czech composer. His Romantic music extends the classical tradition of Ludwig van Beethoven and Johannes Brahms and displays the influence of Czech folk music. He wrote nine symphonies; tone poems; operas, including Rusalka (1900); large-scale choral works; the Carnival (1891-92) and other overtures; violin and cello concertos; chamber music; piano pieces; and songs.
Edward Elgar (1857-1934): Topic
Composer, born in Broad Heath, Hereford and Worcester, WC England, UK. From 1924 he was Master of the King’s Musick.
Aleksandr Glazunov (1865-1936): Topic
Russian composer. His style fits between that of the Russian national school of The Five and that of the Western European ‘cosmopolitan’ composers.
Edvard Grieg (1843-1907): Topic
Norwegian nationalist composer. Much of his music is written on a small scale, particularly his songs, dances, sonatas, and piano works, and strongly identifies with Norwegian folk music. MORE
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759): Topic
English composer, b. Halle, Germany. Handel was one of the greatest masters of baroque music, most widely celebrated for his majestic oratorio Messiah.
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809): Topic
Austrian composer, one of the greatest masters of classical music. He established the basic forms of symphonic music and string quartet, which were to be a model and inspiration for the works of Mozart, and of Beethoven, who studied under Haydn.
Johann Hummel (1778-1837): Topic
Austrian pianist and composer. Following in the steps of Mozart (his teacher), his melodies are graceful if somewhat overly symmetrical and ‘square’.
Franz Liszt (1811-1886): Topic
Hungarian pianist and composer. His expressive, romantic, and frequently chromatic works include piano music (Transcendental Studies, 1851), Masses and oratorios, songs, organ music, and a symphony.
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911): Topic
Austrian composer and conductor. He composed nine large-scale symphonies incorporating folk music and pastoral imagery, with many using voices, including Symphony No 2, the ‘Resurrection’ (1884-86).
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847): Topic
German composer, also a pianist and conductor. His music has the lightness and charm of classical music, applied to Romantic and descriptive subjects.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Topic
Austrian composer, b. Salzburg. Mozart represents one of the great peaks in the history of music. His works, written in almost every conceivable genre, combine luminous beauty of sound with classical grace and technical perfection.
Felipe Pedrell (1841-1922): Topic
Musicologist and composer, born in Tortosa, E Spain.
Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943): Topic
Russian composer, conductor, and pianist. His music is melodious and emotional and includes operas, such as Francesca da Rimini (1906), three symphonies, four piano concertos, piano pieces, and songs. MORE
Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953): Topic
Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. Prokofiev achieved wide popularity with his lively music, in which he achieved a pungent mixture of modern and traditional elements.
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937): Topic
French composer and pianist. His work is characterized by its sensuousness, exotic harmonics, and dazzling orchestral effects. MORE
Albert Roussel (1869-1937): Topic
French composer. One of his most popular works is Le festin de l'araignée/The Spider's Banquet (1912), in which the hungry arachnid is depicted with appropriate, delicate scoring.
Charles Saint-Saëns (1835-1921): Topic
French composer, pianist, and organist. Saint-Saëns was a master of technique and a prolific composer.
Antonio Salieri (1750-1825): Topic
Italian composer. He taught Beethoven, Schubert, Hummel, and Liszt, and was the musical rival of Mozart at the emperor's court in Vienna.
Erik Satie (1866-1925): Topic
French composer. His piano pieces, such as the three Gymnopédies (1888), are precise and tinged with melancholy, and parody romantic expression with surreal commentary.
Franz Schubert (1797-1828): Topic
Composer, born in Vienna, Austria.His major works include the Trout Piano Quintet (1819), his C major symphony (1825), and his B minor symphony (1822), known as the ‘Unfinished’.
Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975): Topic
Russian composer. His music is chromatically tonal/modal, expressive, and sometimes highly dramatic; it was not always to official Soviet taste.
Richard Strauss (1864-1949): Topic
German composer and conductor. He followed the German Romantic tradition but had a strongly personal style, characterized by his bold, colourful orchestration.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893): Topic
Russian composer, b. Kamsko-Votkinsk. He is a towering figure in Russian music and one of the most popular composers in history.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958): Topic
English composer. His style was late-Romantic tonal/modal, and his works contain many references to the English countryside through the use of folk themes.
In the visual arts, architecture, and music, a style characterized by expressive, flamboyant, and dynamic design.
Chamber Music: Topic
Music intended for performance in a small room or chamber, rather than in the concert hall, and usually written for instrumental combinations, played with one instrument to a part, as in the string quartet.
Musical composition usually for an orchestra and a soloist or a group of soloists.
[Ital.,=flight], in music, a form of composition in which the basic principle is imitative counterpoint of several voices.
Musical composition employing chorus, orchestra, and soloists and usually, but not necessarily, a setting of a sacred libretto without stage action or scenery.
Large group of musicians playing together on different instruments. In Western music, an orchestra is usually based on the bowed, stringed instruments of the violin family, to which is usually added the woodwind, brass, and percussion sections.
In music, the pastorale is a piece imitating the simple music of shepherds. "He Shall Feed His Flock" from Handel's Messiah and Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony are superb examples of the pastorale.
Programme Music: Topic
Instrumental music that interprets a story, depicts a scene or painting, or illustrates a literary or philosophical idea.
In music, type of instrumental composition that arose in Italy in the 17th century.
[Gr.,=sounding together], a sonata for orchestra.
Performers and Conductors
Harrison Birtwistle (1934- ): Topic
Born in Accrington, Lancashire, he began his career as a clarinettist. While in Manchester he formed, with other young musicians including Peter Maxwell Davies and John Ogdon, the New Manchester Group for the performance of modern music.
Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): Topic
Italian pianist and composer. He was the founder of the present-day technique of piano playing, and his series of studies, Gradus ad Parnassum (1817), is still in use.
Walter Damrosch (1862-1950): Topic
Conductor, composer, and educator, born in Wrocław, Poland (formerly Breslau, Prussia).
Fritz Kreisler (1875-1962): Topic
Austrian violinist and composer. His prolific output of recordings in the early 20th century introduced a wider public to classical music from old masters such as Johann Sebastian Bach and François Couperin to moderns such as Manuel de Falla and Sergei Rachmaninov.
Yehudi Menuhin (1916-1999): Topic
US-born violinist and conductor. His solo repertoire extended from Vivaldi to George Enescu.
Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840): Topic
Italian violinist and composer. He was a concert soloist from the age of nine. A prodigious technician, he drew on folk and gypsy idioms to create the modern repertoire of virtuoso techniques.
Rudolf Serkin (1903-1991): Topic
Austrian-born US pianist and teacher. Remembered for the quality and sonority of his energetic interpretations of works by Johann Sebastian Bach and Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms.