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Joseph Beuys (1921-1986): Topic
German artist, a celebrated figure of the avant-garde, noted especially for his sculptures made of felt and animal fat.
Georges Braque (1882-1963): Topic
The French painter Georges Braque was one of the major artists of the 20th century, whose partnership with Picasso from 1908 to 1914 generated Cubism.
Marc Chagall (1887-1985): Topic
French painter and illustrator, born in Russia, noted for his richly coloured pictures of men, animals, and objects in fantastic combinations and often suspended in space.
Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985): Topic
French painter, inspired by graffiti and the untrained art of children and psychotics.
George Grosz (1893-1959): Topic
German-born US expressionist painter and graphic artist. He was a founder of the Berlin Dada group in 1918, and excelled in savage satirical drawings criticizing the government and the military establishment.
David Hockney (1937- ): Topic
English painter, printmaker, and designer, resident in California. One of the best-known figures in 20th-century British pop art.
Frida Kahlo (1907-1954): Topic
Mexican painter. Using vivid colour and a naive style that was deliberately based on Mexican folk art, she created deeply personal, moving, and emotional paintings.
Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944): Topic
Russian abstract painter and theorist. Usually regarded as the originator of abstract art, Kandinsky abandoned a legal career for painting at 30 when he moved to Munich.
Gustav Klimt (1862-1918): Topic
Austrian painter. He founded the Vienna Sezession (1897), a group of painters influenced by Art Nouveau.
Käthe Kollwitz (1867-1945): Topic
German graphic artist and sculptor. One of the leading expressionists, she is noted for her harrowing and often disturbing drawings, etchings, lithographs, and woodcuts on the themes of social injustice, poverty, and human suffering.
El Lissitzky (1890-1941): Topic
Russian artist and architect. During the 1920s he was extremely important in propagating new Russian art in Western Europe.
Kasimir Malevich (1878-1935): Topic
Russian painter. He was concerned with presenting a new vision which, though not possible outside the context of a scientific and industrial society, was not directly related to the problems of functional design.
Henri Matisse (1869-1954): Topic
Henri Matisse, born at Le Cateau-Cambrésis (Nord,France), was one of the leaders of avant-garde art before the First World War.
Joan Miró (1893-1983): Topic
Joan Miró was a Spanish painter, ceramist, and sculptor, and a leading member of the Surrealist movement.
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Topic
Artist, the dominating figure of early 20th Century art. His break with tradition came with ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avignon’ (1906–7, New York), the first exemplar of analytical Cubism, a movement which he developed with Braque (1909–14).
Diego Rivera (1886-1957): Topic
1886–1957, Mexican mural painter, studied as a youth with Posada and other Mexican painters; husband of Frida Kahlo.
Egon Schiele (1890-1918): Topic
Austrian painter and draftsman known for his aggressive, nervous style and his explicitly erotic subjects.
Ben Shahn (1898-1969): Topic
Lithuanian-born US painter. The most distinguished of the US Social Realists, his art drew attention to social and political issues that were often particularly controversial.
Max Beckmann (1884-1950): Topic
One of the most important painters of the twentieth century, who fled Nazi Germany and after World War II emigrated to the United States.
Edouard Vuillard (1868-1940): Topic
French painter and printmaker. He was a founding member of les Nabis, and is noted for his decorative paintings of intimate domestic interiors with figures and for his brilliantly coloured lithographs.
Eugene Atget (1857-1927): Topic
Although two thirds of Eugène Atget's photographic career fell into the twentieth century, more than half of his life was lived in the nineteenth century and his esthetic roots were firmly grounded in the earlier period.
Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004): Topic
Photographer, born in Chanteloup, Paris, France. He worked only in black-and-white (except for some early commercial work), concerned exclusively with the capturing of visual moments illustrating contemporary life.
Louis Daguerre (1787-1851): Topic
No other invention in the 19th-c produced as much popular excitement as photography, for which the first practical process was devised by Daguerre.
From The Columbia Encyclopedia
French pioneer photographer and writer, b. Paris. Nadar opened a photographic studio in 1853 that became a meeting place for literary and artistic celebrities whose faces were captured in his superb portraits.
Nicephore Niepce (1765-1833)
From Chambers Biographical Dictionary
French chemist, one of the pioneers of photography. Nicéphore Niepce was born in Chalon-sur-Saône, Burgundy. He served under Napoleon I and in 1795 became administrator of Nice.
William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877): Topic
English pioneer of photography. He invented the paper-based calotype process, patented in 1841, which was the first negative/positive method. Talbot made photograms several years before Louis Daguerre's invention was announced.